How to understand that China was one of the areas of the World Economic and Trade Center at that time during the Ming and Qing Dynasties

How to understand that China was one of the areas of the World Economic and Trade Center at that time during the Ming and Qing Dynasties

5 thoughts on “How to understand that China was one of the areas of the World Economic and Trade Center at that time during the Ming and Qing Dynasties”

  1. The history of the famous master: Ming Chengzu's "business tax is used by the country to suppress business, not for profit. Now that there are people with Mu Yiyuan, we will infringe on their interests. How much can we get? But it is greatly damaged to the image of my dynasty. "This remark really confirms that" it is just the government just to show the glory and etiquette of Chinese culture. "

    2. Reading history: The Pacific Silk Road and the Chinese Land Silk Road and the Maritime Silk Road are named in the name of reprinting China's raw silk and silk, but the essence is different. In the past, China ’s land or maritime Silk Road, one was from mainland China as the starting point, transported to the Indian Ocean or the surrounding area of ​​the Mediterranean. Folk vendors do business with Arab and Persian merchants. The Pacific Silk Road, one, is based on the Manila of the Philippines as a transit station. It has opened a new route east to the Americas. The second is to transfer European colonial countries such as Spain and the Netherlands. Remote trade.

    3. Literature selection: "The emperor's monarch is close to the country, and the four tables of Enbo, regardless of the mainland and foreign people, are the people of the great emperor." It reflects the great changes in the world at that time. If you know nothing, you still live with the "big country of heaven". And "there is everything, and it is not used to use foreign goods." It also reflects the concept of China's self -sufficient natural economy. Under the dominance of this idea, the policy of locking the country was finally implemented, which led to the backward and beating of China's modern times.

    4. Knowledge link: British gifts were the advanced astronomical and navigation instruments in the world at that time. Chinese gifts were traditional silk handicrafts. Gap: Britain has embarked on the path of capitalism, and also reflects the purpose of expanding outward. China still stays in a self -sufficient farming society and has lost the leading position of the world.

    . Exercise and evaluation reference answer

    1. agree. Because the tributary trade is indeed a country that can only be allowed to communicate with China only by accepting the Chinese book. Because the purpose of the tributary trade is not to make a profit from business, and the guiding ideology of the ruler's enlisted Quartet, the phenomenon of "thick and thin" in the tribute trade. The feats of Zheng He's 7th western ocean also consumed a large amount of material in the Ming Dynasty during the Ming Chengzu, coupled with the east invasion of Western colonists, which caused the tribute trade of the Ming Dynasty to gradually shrink.

    2. In the stage of stagnation and weakness of China in ancient society, the world, especially Europe, has embarked on the path of capitalist development. China is defending and the West is attacking. As a result, the tribute system and the retreat of the Qing Dynasty in the early Ming Dynasty and the Qing Dynasty's retreat have appeared, which caused a rapid decline in maritime trade since the Song and Yuan Dynasties. The West has opened up the "Pacific Silk Road" of different previous maritime trade routes. The root cause of this change is the strengthening of the autocracy of Chinese society, the stubbornness of the natural economy, the depression of ideological and cultural, and contraction of external exchanges. The external cause is the development of the Western capitalist economy, the progress of ideological, cultural technology, and expansion of external colonial colonization.

  2. During the Tang and Song dynasties, the Silk Road on the East Coast of Chang'an to the East Coast of the Mediterranean Sea was unimpeded, and the east -west trade was frequent (the Mongolians were particularly prominent when the world was unified). After the Yuan Dynasty, the rise of Ottoman Turkey, monopolizing the Silk Road trade, and preventing direct trade with Western Europe and China, Europeans had to find another Silk Road from the sea. The retreat policy of the Ming and Qing dynasties cannot be the World Trade Center. For example, after the Portuguese found the spices in Southeast Asia, they were surprised to find that the spices were transported to China and returned to Europe as the same profit. The Chinese ignored the wealth nearly in front of them. No one made this sale.

  3. Because during the Ming and Qing Dynasties, China's productive forces accounted for nearly 30%of the world. Although the country was closed at that time, it was still quite powerful in the internal and economic power, so it was not one of the world's economic and trade centers. After, add it, it was not completely disagreed with the outside world. There will still be some small foreign trade transactions in the port of Guangdong.

  4. In the Ming and Qing Dynasties, China has lagged behind the world. Political corruption has a high -pressure policy (text prison, eight -stranded scholars in the Qing Dynasty) of the country's retreat. How could it be the world economy and trade center at that time. To really be said to be the center of trade, it can only be said that after the industrial revolution, the Western powers in the West after the industrial revolution promoted the development of the market and commodity raw materials and promoted the development of its capitalism. Government materials exchanges. And at the end of the 18th world, the British dispatching mission was sent to China. At that time, the emperor said that the dynasty was rich and no trade was required. From the perspective of which aspect, your problem is lost in history

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